Cementos Pacasmayo SAA :CPAC-US: Earnings Analysis: Q4, 2016 By the Numbers : February 22, 2017

Cementos Pacasmayo SAA reports financial results for the quarter ended December 31, 2016.

We analyze the earnings along side the following peers of Cementos Pacasmayo SAA – Eagle Materials Inc., Cemex SAB de CV Sponsored ADR and Taiheiyo Cement Corporation Unsponsored ADR (EXP-US, CX-US and THYCY-US) that have also reported for this period.


  • Summary numbers: Revenues of USD 93.86 million, Net Earnings of USD 3.10 million.
  • Gross margins narrowed from 42.61% to 40.14% compared to the same period last year, operating (EBITDA) margins now 28.76% from 34.48%.
  • Year-on-year change in operating cash flow of -26.63% is about the same as the change in earnings, likely no significant movement in accruals or reserves.
  • Narrowing of operating margins contributed to decline in earnings.

The table below shows the preliminary results and recent trends for key metrics such as revenues and net income growth:

2016-12-31 2016-09-30 2016-06-30 2016-03-31 2015-12-31
Relevant Numbers (Quarterly)
Revenues (mil) 93.86 92.82 91.13 89.99 104.59
Revenue Growth (%YOY) -10.25 -4.63 3.94 -4.48 -4.81
Earnings (mil) 3.1 13.15 9.81 8.27 18.11
Earnings Growth (%YOY) -82.9 -24.84 -31.62 -52.06 -23.12
Net Margin (%) 3.3 14.17 10.77 9.19 17.32
EPS 0.03 0.12 0.09 0.07 0.16
Return on Equity (%) 2.12 8.63 6.18 5.39 11.51
Return on Assets (%) 1.24 5.12 3.82 3.28 6.89

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Market Share Versus Profits

Revenues History
Earnings History

CPAC-US‘s change in revenue this period compared to the same period last year of -10.25% is almost the same as its change in earnings, and is about average among the announced results thus far in its peer group, suggesting that CPAC-US is holding onto its market share. Also, for comparison purposes, revenues changed by 1.12% and earnings by -76.44% compared to the immediate last period.

Revenues Growth Versus Earnings Growth

Quadrant label definitions. Hover to know more

Leader, Earnings Focus, Laggard, Revenues Focus

Earnings Growth Analysis

The company’s year-on-year decline in earnings was influenced by a weakening in gross margins from 42.61% to 40.14%, as well as issues with cost controls. As a result, operating margins (EBITDA margins) went from 34.48% to 28.76% in this time frame. For comparison, gross margins were 42.44% and EBITDA margins were 34.16% in the previous period.

Gross Margin Versus EBITDA Margin

Quadrant label definitions. Hover to know more

Differentiated; Low Cost, Commodity; Low Cost, Commodity; High Cost, Differentiated; High Cost

Gross Margin Trend

Companies sometimes sacrifice improvements in revenues and margins in order to extend friendlier terms to customers and vendors. Capital Cube probes for such activity by comparing the changes in gross margins with any changes in working capital. If the gross margins improved without a worsening of working capital, it is possible that the company’s performance is a result of truly delivering in the marketplace and not simply an accounting prop-up using the balance sheet.

Gross Margin History
Working Capital Days History

CPAC-US‘s decline in gross margins were offset by some improvements on the balance sheet. The management of working capital, for example, shows progress. The company’s working capital days have fallen to 105.78 days from 125.85 days for the same period last year. This leads Capital Cube to conclude that the gross margin decline is not altogether bad.

Gross Margin Versus Working Capital Days

Quadrant label definitions. Hover to know more

Customer Financed, Cash Starved, Supplier Financed, Cash Rich

Cash Versus Earnings – Sustainable Performance?

It is important to examine a company�s cash versus earnings numbers to gauge whether its performance is sustainable.

CPAC-US‘s change in operating cash flow of -26.63% compared to the same period last year is about the same as its change in earnings this period. Additionally, this change in operating cash flow is about average among its peer group. This suggests that the company did not use accruals or reserves to manage earnings this period, and that, all else being equal, the earnings number is sustainable.

Operating Cash Flow Growth Versus Earnings Growth

Quadrant label definitions. Hover to know more

Cash Flow based Earnings, Likely Non-cash Earnings, Low Cash Flow Base, Likely Undeclared Earnings


The company’s decline in earnings has been influenced by the following factors: (1) Decline in operating margins (EBIT margins) from 28.82% to 19.19% and (2) one-time items that contributed to a decrease in pretax margins from 24.55% to 13.18%

EBIT Margin Versus PreTax Margin

Quadrant label definitions. Hover to know more

Operation driven Earnings, One-time Favorables, Low Earnings Base, One-time Unfavorables
EBIT Margin History
PreTax Margin History

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Company Profile

Cementos Pacasmayo SAA engages in the production and marketing of cement, quicklime, aggregates, ready-mix concrete, precast concrete products and other construction materials. It operates through the following segments: Cement, Concrete, and Blocks; Quicklime; and Sales of Construction Supplies. The company was founded in 1949 and is headquartered at Lima, Peru.

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