MagnaChip Semiconductor Corp. :MX-US: Earnings Analysis: Q3, 2017 By the Numbers : November 21, 2017

MagnaChip Semiconductor Corp. reports financial results for the quarter ended September 30, 2017.

We analyze the earnings along side the following peers of MagnaChip Semiconductor Corp. – ON Semiconductor Corporation, Alpha and Omega Semiconductor Limited, Cirrus Logic, Inc., Microsemi Corporation, Himax Technologies, Inc. Sponsored ADR, STMicroelectronics NV ADR RegS and LG Display Co., Ltd Sponsored ADR (ON-US, AOSL-US, CRUS-US, MSCC-US, HIMX-US, STM-US and LPL-US) that have also reported for this period.


  • Summary numbers: Revenues of USD 176.66 million, Net Earnings of USD 5.60 million.
  • Gross margins widened from 20.35% to 28.46% compared to the same period last year, operating (EBITDA) margins now 13.25% from 3.72%.
  • Year-on-year change in operating cash flow of 274.90% is about the same as the change in earnings, likely no significant movement in accruals or reserves.
  • Earnings declined although operating margins improved from 0.32% to 9.20%.

The table below shows the preliminary results and recent trends for key metrics such as revenues and net income growth:

2017-09-30 2017-06-30 2017-03-31 2016-12-31 2016-09-30
Relevant Numbers (Quarterly)
Revenues (mil) 176.66 165.88 161.21 180.46 192.3
Revenue Growth (%YOY) -8.13 -0.74 8.85 18.39 23.3
Earnings (mil) 5.6 -8.06 43.74 -49.79 29.87
Earnings Growth (%YOY) -81.24 54.77 438.31 -317.86 152.34
Net Margin (%) 3.17 -4.86 27.13 -27.59 15.53
EPS 0.15 -0.24 1.05 -1.42 0.85
Return on Equity (%) N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Return on Assets (%) 4.44 -6.34 36.57 -44 25.72

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Market Share Versus Profits

Revenues History
Earnings History

MX-US’s change in revenue this period compared to the same period last year of -8.13% is almost the same as its change in earnings, and is about average among the announced results thus far in its peer group, suggesting that MX-US is holding onto its market share. Also, for comparison purposes, revenues changed by 6.50% and earnings by 169.54% compared to the immediate last period.

Revenues Growth Versus Earnings Growth

Quadrant label definitions. Hover to know more

Leader, Earnings Focus, Laggard, Revenues Focus

Earnings Growth Analysis

The company’s year-on-year earnings decline did not come as a result of a contraction in gross margins or because of any cost control issues. Both gross margins and operating margins (EBITDA) margins actually improved over this time frame. Gross margins went from 20.35% to 28.46%, while operating margins improved from 3.72% to 13.25% over this period. For comparison, gross margins were 27.64% and EBITDA margins 11.38% in the immediate last period.

Gross Margin Versus EBITDA Margin

Quadrant label definitions. Hover to know more

Differentiated; Low Cost, Commodity; Low Cost, Commodity; High Cost, Differentiated; High Cost

Gross Margin Trend

Companies sometimes sacrifice improvements in revenues and margins in order to extend friendlier terms to customers and vendors. Capital Cube probes for such activity by comparing the changes in gross margins with any changes in working capital. If the gross margins improved without a worsening of working capital, it is possible that the company’s performance is a result of truly delivering in the marketplace and not simply an accounting prop-up using the balance sheet.

Gross Margin History
Working Capital Days History

MX-US’s gross margin improvement has not produced any big difference in its working capital. Working capital days are currently 87.36, compared to last year’s level of 42.77 days. This leads Capital Cube to conclude that the improvements in gross margins are likely from operating decisions and not trade-offs with the balance sheet.

Gross Margin Versus Working Capital Days

Quadrant label definitions. Hover to know more

Customer Financed, Cash Starved, Supplier Financed, Cash Rich

Cash Versus Earnings – Sustainable Performance?

It is important to examine a company�s cash versus earnings numbers to gauge whether its performance is sustainable.

MX-US’s change in operating cash flow of 274.90% compared to the same period last year is about the same as its change in earnings this period. Additionally, this change in operating cash flow is about average among its peer group. This suggests that the company did not use accruals or reserves to manage earnings this period, and that, all else being equal, the earnings number is sustainable.

Operating Cash Flow Growth Versus Earnings Growth

Quadrant label definitions. Hover to know more

Cash Flow based Earnings, Likely Non-cash Earnings, Low Cash Flow Base, Likely Undeclared Earnings


Despite an overall improvement in operating (EBIT) margins, the company’s earnings fell. EBIT margins went from 0.32% to 9.20%. The decline in earnings appears to be largely because of one-time items. Pretax margins declined from 15.93% to 3.70%.

EBIT Margin Versus PreTax Margin

Quadrant label definitions. Hover to know more

Operation driven Earnings, One-time Favorables, Low Earnings Base, One-time Unfavorables
EBIT Margin History
PreTax Margin History

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Company Profile

MagnaChip Semiconductor Corp. engages in the design and manufacture of analog and mixed-signal semiconductor products for consumer, computing, communication, industrial, automotive, and Internet of Things applications. It offers technology platforms for analog, mixed-signal, power, high voltage, non-volatile memory, and Radio Frequency applications. It operates through the Foundry Services Group and Standard Products Group segments. The Foundry Services Group segment provides specialty analog and mixed-signal foundry services mainly for fabless and Integrated Device Manufacturer semiconductor companies. The Standard Products Group segment consists of Display Solutions, which offers flat panel display solutions to major suppliers of large and small flat panel displays, and Power Solutions, which comprises of discrete and integrated circuit solutions for power management in consumer, communication, and industrial applications. The company was founded on November 26, 2003 and is headquartered in Luxembourg.

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