Park-Ohio Holdings Corp. :PKOH-US: Earnings Analysis: Q2, 2017 By the Numbers : October 10, 2017

Park-Ohio Holdings Corp. reports financial results for the quarter ended June 30, 2017.

We analyze the earnings along side the following peers of Park-Ohio Holdings Corp. – Actuant Corporation Class A (ATU-US) that have also reported for this period.


  • Summary numbers: Revenues of USD 350.90 million, Net Earnings of USD 3 million.
  • Gross margins widened from 16.48% to 17.18% compared to the same period last year, operating (EBITDA) margins now 9.15% from 8.41%.
  • Year-on-year change in operating cash flow of -47.13% is about the same as the change in earnings, likely no significant movement in accruals or reserves.
  • Earnings declined although operating margins improved from 6.16% to 6.87%.

The table below shows the preliminary results and recent trends for key metrics such as revenues and net income growth:

2017-06-30 2017-03-31 2016-12-31 2016-09-30 2016-06-30
Relevant Numbers (Quarterly)
Revenues (mil) 350.9 343.8 306.8 312.7 329.4
Revenue Growth (%YOY) 6.53 4.82 -11.69 -14.19 -12.7
Earnings (mil) 3 9.8 6.5 13.5 9
Earnings Growth (%YOY) -66.67 262.96 -44.44 2.27 -27.42
Net Margin (%) 0.85 2.85 2.12 4.32 2.73
EPS 0.24 0.79 0.53 1.1 0.73
Return on Equity (%) 1.18 4.03 2.76 5.92 4.1
Return on Assets (%) 1.16 3.93 2.71 5.74 3.79

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Market Share Versus Profits

Revenues History
Earnings History

PKOH-US’s change in revenue this period compared to the same period last year of 6.53% is almost the same as its change in earnings, and is about average among the announced results thus far in its peer group, suggesting that PKOH-US is holding onto its market share. Also, for comparison purposes, revenues changed by 2.07% and earnings by -69.39% compared to the immediate last period.

Revenues Growth Versus Earnings Growth

Quadrant label definitions. Hover to know more

Leader, Earnings Focus, Laggard, Revenues Focus

Earnings Growth Analysis

The company’s year-on-year earnings decline did not come as a result of a contraction in gross margins or because of any cost control issues. Both gross margins and operating margins (EBITDA) margins actually improved over this time frame. Gross margins went from 16.48% to 17.18%, while operating margins improved from 8.41% to 9.15% over this period. For comparison, gross margins were 16.14% and EBITDA margins 7.77% in the immediate last period.

Gross Margin Versus EBITDA Margin

Quadrant label definitions. Hover to know more

Differentiated; Low Cost, Commodity; Low Cost, Commodity; High Cost, Differentiated; High Cost

Gross Margin Trend

Companies sometimes sacrifice improvements in revenues and margins in order to extend friendlier terms to customers and vendors. Capital Cube probes for such activity by comparing the changes in gross margins with any changes in working capital. If the gross margins improved without a worsening of working capital, it is possible that the company’s performance is a result of truly delivering in the marketplace and not simply an accounting prop-up using the balance sheet.

Gross Margin History
Working Capital Days History

PKOH-US’s gross margin improvement has not produced any big difference in its working capital. Working capital days are currently 89.98, compared to last year’s level of 89.20 days. This leads Capital Cube to conclude that the improvements in gross margins are likely from operating decisions and not trade-offs with the balance sheet.

Gross Margin Versus Working Capital Days

Quadrant label definitions. Hover to know more

Customer Financed, Cash Starved, Supplier Financed, Cash Rich

Cash Versus Earnings – Sustainable Performance?

It is important to examine a company�s cash versus earnings numbers to gauge whether its performance is sustainable.

PKOH-US’s change in operating cash flow of -47.13% compared to the same period last year is about the same as its change in earnings this period. Additionally, this change in operating cash flow is about average among its peer group. This suggests that the company did not use accruals or reserves to manage earnings this period, and that, all else being equal, the earnings number is sustainable.

Operating Cash Flow Growth Versus Earnings Growth

Quadrant label definitions. Hover to know more

Cash Flow based Earnings, Likely Non-cash Earnings, Low Cash Flow Base, Likely Undeclared Earnings


Despite an overall improvement in operating (EBIT) margins, the company’s earnings fell. EBIT margins went from 6.16% to 6.87%. The decline in earnings appears to be largely because of one-time items. Pretax margins declined from 4.04% to 1.48%.

EBIT Margin Versus PreTax Margin

Quadrant label definitions. Hover to know more

Operation driven Earnings, One-time Favorables, Low Earnings Base, One-time Unfavorables
EBIT Margin History
PreTax Margin History

Access our Ratings and Scores for Park-Ohio Holdings Corp.

Company Profile

Park-Ohio Holdings Corp. engages in the provision of supply chain logistics services and manufactures aluminum products. It operates in three segments: Supply Technologies, Assembly Components, and Engineered Products. The Supply Technologies segment provides customers with total supply management services for a broad range of high volume, specialty production components. The Assembly Components segment manufactures cast aluminum components, automotive and industrial rubber and thermoplastic products, fuel filler and hydraulic assemblies for automotive, agricultural equipment, construction equipment, heavy duty truck and marine equipment industries. It also provides value-added services such as design and engineering, machining and assembly. The Engineered Products segment operates a diverse group of niche manufacturing businesses that design and manufacture a broad range of high quality products engineered for specific customer applications. The company was founded in 1998 and is headquartered in Cleveland, OH.

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